Autorica “Šegrta Hlapića” i “Šume Striborove” skončala je jezivom smrću

Foto: Facebook

Ivana Brlić Mažuranić jedna je od najpoznatijih hrvatskih književnica. Stvorila je mnoga djela čija popularnost ne opada ni do današnjih dana, a zvali su je i hrvatskim Andersenom te hrvatskim Tolkienom. Još za života stekla je silnu popularnost i brojna priznanja, no pred kraj života živjela je napuštena i u krajnjoj bijedi, te je skončala na jeziv način.

Vrlo je vjerojatno da ste i sami upoznati s nekim djelima iz opusa ove plodne autorice naše domaće fantastike. Stvorila je priče poput “Čudnovatih pustolovina šegrta Hlapića”, “Šume Striborove”, “Regoča”, Ribara Palunka i njegove žene”, “Kako je Potjeh tražio istinu” i mnogih drugih. No, moguće je da niste upoznati s tamnom stranom njezina života, kao ni s načinom na koji je umrla. Štoviše, i danas, u vrijeme interneta, potrebno se svojski pomučiti ne biste li online našli podatak o točnom načinu na koji je otišla.

Književnica još od mladih dana

Ivana se rodila 1874. godine u Ogulinu, a njezin djed bio je silno važan i poznat preporoditeljski književnik i ban Ivan Mažuranić, autor “Smrti Smail-age Čengića”.

 

Foto: Facebook

Počela je iskazivati naklonost prema književnosti još u tinejdžerskoj dobi, te se baviti pisanjem dnevnika, pripovjedaka, ogleda, kritika i prijevoda. S 18 godina se udala za 12 godina starijeg odvjetnika Vatroslava Brlića Nacu i tako stekla svoje drugo prezime. Nakon svadbe, s mužem se preselila iz svoga rodnog kraja, što joj je teško palo. U braku s Vatroslavom, Ivana je rodila čak sedmero djece, od kojih je dvoje umrlo.

Mnogi povjesničari za njezine kasnije nedaće optužuju posvemašnu iscrpljenost od pretjeranog rađanja, postporođajne depresije, obiteljske probleme, kao i opće stanje rasula i straha koje je u prvim desetljećima 20. stoljeća zahvatilo Europu, pa tako i naše krajeve. Ipak, moguće je da najveća odgovornost za tužan način na koji je skončala počiva na njezinoj vlastitoj djeci, s čime ćemo se još pozabaviti.

Uspon do slave i borba s depresijom

Foto: Wikimedia Commons

 

Bilo kako bilo, Ivana Brlić Mažuranić nastavila se i kao udana žena i majka baviti književnim radom koji joj je bio jedan od najvećih izvora sreće u životu. Pa ipak, zdravstveno stanje počelo joj se iz godine u godinu sve više pogoršavati. Stalno je pobolijevala, a počela je patiti i od dugih i strašnih napadaja depresije. Jedna od njezinih jačih depresivnih epizoda i živčanih kriza dogodila se 1909. godine, a tada je bila i hospitalizirana u lječilištu u Bledu zbog iznimne tjeskobe, razdražljivosti i napadaja tuge i plača.

Ubrzo nakon ove velike krize, ipak, stvorila je svoje najpopularnije djelo, “Čudnovate zgode šegrta Hlapića”. Po objavljivanju toga djela, stekla je silnu slavu i naklonost ondašnjeg književnog svijeta, koja nije jenjavala sve do njezine smrti.

Foto: Facebook

Pazite dakle – danas nam ideološki pristrane individue nastoje utuviti u glavu da je Ivana Brlić Mažuranić za vrijeme svojega života bila prezrena i odbačena kao bezvrijedna književnica, što je zapravo totalna i besramna laž.

Brlićku su, pazite sad ovo, tijekom života čak četiri puta predlagali za Nobelovu nagradu iz književnosti, i to 1931., 1935., 1937. i 1938. godine! Osim toga, bila je prihvaćena i kao prvi ženski član Jugoslavenske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti, a Biskup Josip Juraj Strossmayer dodijelio joj je zlatnu medalju za protumađaronsko djelovanje. Ako vam ni to nije dovoljan razlog za prihvaćanje činjenice o njezinoj popularnosti za vrijeme života, onda treba spomenuti i da su ju na sva usta hvalili i najvećih onodobni hrvatski književnici, poput Matoša, Šimića i Domjanića.

Ne, prava je istina da nju nije prezrela i odbacila književna javnost, već njezina vlastita obitelj.

Skončala napuštena od vlastite djece

Foto: Facebook

Pred kraj života, nakon smrti svoga muža, pokušavala je brinuti o svojoj velikoj obitelji sama, što ju je brzo dovelo na prosjački štap. Jedan od sinova imao joj je stalne novčane neprilike, umrla joj je majka te sestrina kćer. Zdravstveno stanje joj je sve gore, nema novaca, a vlastita djeca ju zapostavljaju i protivno njezinoj volji smještaju ju u sanatorij, jer sami ne znaju (a možda i ne žele) izlaziti na kraj s njezinim sve češćim depresivnim i razdražljivim stanjima.

U takvoj situaciji, Ivana Brlić Mažuranić je u bolnici na Srebrnjaku dana 21. rujna 1938., u dobi od 64 godine, rano izjutra iskoristila nepažnju bolničarki te se iskrala u bolnički vrt. Tamo je počinila samoubojstvo vješanjem.

Foto: Facebook

Njezina obitelj silno se trudila prikriti njezino samoubojstvo, jer se u ono vrijeme takav “skandal” smatrao obiteljskom sramotom. A možda su pokušavali prikriti i vlastitu odgovornost za njezinu smrt. Kako bilo, djeca su joj tada tvrdila da ju je jednostavno “izdalo srce”.

Iako je njezina mračna i tužna sudbina i danas donekle obavijena velom tajne te je o okolnostima njezina samoubojstva teško iskopati konkretne podatke, činjenica je da je Ivana Brlić Mažuranić još za svoga života bila silno popularna i cijenjena u javnosti, a to je ostala sve do današnjeg dana, cijelih 80 godina nakon smrti. Koliko se današnjih piskarala može nadati tome da će ih se sa zanimanjem čitati makar i za nekoliko desetljeća? Vrlo, vrlo malo.

Preporuka za čitanje: Upoznajte potomke najperverznijeg autora u povijesti

 

 

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