Koje su bogove štovali stari Slaveni?

Foto: Wikimedia Commons

Danas ćemo se pozabaviti osnovama religijskih vjerovanja u starih Slavena prije nego li su prešli na kršćanstvo. Njihova živopisna i maštovita božanstva podsjećaju na likove iz kakvog romana fantastike, a praslavenska religija ukazuje i na duboke kulturalne poveznice svih indoeuropskih naroda.

Drevna slavenska vjerovanja prenosila su se usmeno

Odmah na početku treba istaknuti kako ne postoje konkretni pisani dokazi za rekonstruiranje stare slavenske religije. Slaveni prije prelaska na kršćanstvo, po svemu sudeći, nisu poznavali nikakvo pismo, već su se vjerovanja prenosila usmeno.

Slavenska religija se rekonstruira na temelju malobrojnih arheoloških nalaza, te na temelju pretpostavki koje se baziraju najviše na poredbenoreligijskim, filološkim i etnološkim istraživanjima. Drugim riječima, teoriju o vjerovanju starih Slavena, o kojoj nisu ostala neka konkretna povijesna svjedočanstva, danas gradimo uspoređujući vjerovanja srodnih naroda i njihov razvoj kroz povijest, kao i proučavajući i uspoređujući stare tekstove i narodne običaje.

Ipak, na temelju svih nabrojanih metoda, danas smo u mogućnosti s popriličnom sigurnošću rekonstruirati glavni dio tih drevnih vjerovanja.

Foto: Wikipedia

Oblikovanje slavenske mitologije

Razni slavenski narodi pokrštavani su od 7. do 12. stoljeća, a Hrvati su jedni od prvih naroda koji su prihvatili novu vjeru. Prije toga, svi Slaveni imali su sustav vjerovanja koji se generacijama prenosio i razvijao još iz praindoeuropske kulturne ostavštine.

Stara slavenska vjera razvijala se tijekom nekih 3000 godina, a potječe možda još iz doba neolitika. Mogla bi se okarakterizirati kao paganski skup vjerovanja u kojem su glavna božanstva predstavljala personificirane sile prirode. Bogova koji su se štovali bilo je zaista mnogo, a iako su se ova vjerovanja većinski razvila iz istog kulturalnog praizvora, s vremenom je svaki narod, to jest svako slavensko pleme počelo razvijati vlastita božanstva.

Stara slavenska božanstva

Foto: Wikimedia Commons

I dalje postoje određena neslaganja oko toga koje se božanstvo u ovoj paganskoj religiji štovalo kao vrhovno. Neki predlažu Svaroga, drugi Triglava, no najizgledniji kandidat za vrhovno božanstvo starih Slavena jest Perun. On je bog gromova i munja, boravi na nebu i vladar je života te veliki ratnik. Njegova suprotnost i najveći neprijatelj jest bog Veles, kralj podzemlja i vladar mrtvih.

Postoji značajan mit u kojem Perun uzima Velesu zatočenu stoku. Praktički identičan mit javlja se u staroj vedskoj religiji Indije, u kojem bog gromovnik Indra oslobađa stoku koju je u planini zatočio zmaj Vrtra. Također, vidi se jezična srodnost između imena Peruna i vedskog boga kiše Parjanye.

To je samo jedan od mnogobrojnih dokaza da su stari hrvati i stari Indijci naslijedili svoja narodna vjerovanja od zajedničkog kulturalnog pretka, hipotetske praindoeuropske religije. Osim toga, bog gromovnik se javlja kao jedno od najvažnijih božanstava u cijelom pregrštu starih europskih religija. Sjetite se, primjerice, Zeusa.

Foto: Wikimedia Commons

Božanski panteon

Osim Peruna i Velesa, postoji još cijeli niz važnih božanstava u starom slavenskom panteonu, pa se sad na brzinu pozabavimo onima najvažnijima i najzanimljivijima:

  • Svarog – Bio je bog Sunca (kao vedski Savitar), kao i božanski kovač (kao grčki Hefest). Imao je dva sina – Svarožića, koji je predstavljao vatru na Zemlji, te Daboga, koji je predstavljao vatru na nebu, a bio je bog rata, plodnosti i bog darovatelj.
  • Stribog – Bio je bog oluje i vjetrova kao i bog šume (Stribog = Stribor), a pripisivala mu se ratnička vještina ali i promjenjiva ćud.
  • Svetovid – Bog s četiri glave na bijelome konju, bog snage, ratništva, poštenja i proricanja.
  • Triglav – troglavi bog na crnom konju, božanstvo rata, njegove tri glave predstavljaju nebeski, zemaljski i podzemni svijet.
  • Jarilo – Božanstvo jarosne, razdražljive naravi. Bog je rata, ali i mladosti, proljeća, pupanja i ljubavi.
Foto: Wikipedia
  • Morana – Boginja smrti, zime, a kod nekih i boginja plodnosti. Zna se prikazivati kao crnokosa i blijeda djevojka s vučjim zubima i kandžama. Drugi njezin oblik je onaj stare vještice, Babe Jage.
  • Černobog – Bog zla, nesreće i tame, nastao od Svarogove sjene. Pretpostavlja se da mu je kao suprotnost nekad postojalo i božanstvo Bjelobog, ali za to nema dokaza.
  • Davor – bog rata sa sedam glava i osam mačeva.
  • Kupalo – Božanstvo obilja, uroda i radosti. Njemu u čast u rijeku su se bacale lutke od slame.
  • Lada – Božica proljeća, ljubavi i ljepote.
  • Radogost – Bog gostoprimstva.
  • Vesna – Božica mladosti i proljeća.
Foto: Wikimedia Commons

Kakvi su bili stari Slaveni?

Iz rekonstrukcije stare slavenske mitologije možemo mnogo naučiti i o tome kakvi su ljudi bili stari Slaveni, koje su vrijednosti cijenili, što im je u životu bilo važno i slično.

Tako zaključujemo da su živjeli tijesno povezani s prirodom, svoj su život organizirali prema ritmu prirodnih ciklusa, bojali su se prirodnih pojava i štovali ih. Vjerovali su u neku vrstu zagrobnog života, te u podijelu na dobro i zlo. Iznimno su cijenili hrabrost i ratništvo, ali jednako su cijenili i razdoblja mira i obilja. Veoma su držali do međuljudskih odnosa što pokazuju i njihova božanstva gostoprimstva i darivanja.

Preporuka za čitanje: Slične riječi u hrvatskom i u drevnom indijskom jeziku

287 KOMENTARI

  1. “F*ckin’ amazing things here. I’m very glad to peer your article. Thank you so much and i am taking a look ahead to touch you. Will you please drop me a e-mail?”

  2. “This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your fantastic post. Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!”

  3. You’re in some serious need of relaxation. That’s where a site like http://www.camgirl.pw comes in handy. You can do a whole lot of relaxing there. You’ll find plenty of fun girls to talk to. These are the hottest and most wild girls on the internet. Chat with them and have yourself a good time.

  4. Good info! Interesting article over this web. It is pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.| I couldn’t resist commenting. I ‘ve spent some time searching for such infos. I will also share it with some friends interested in it. I’ve just bookmarked this web. Finished with the job done, I going to enjoy some World cup Cams. Gracias!!! Regards from Russia WM!

  5. I like the valuable info you supply on your articles. I will bookmark your weblog and take a look at once more here frequently. I’m moderately sure I’ll be told lots of new stuff proper right here! Best of luck for the following!

  6. Every guy out there needs to talk to a hot girl sometimes. There’s just one site that’s full of the hottest babes on the entire internet. That site is http://www.camgirl.pw and it’s going to put a smile on your face. Make sure you spend some of your precious free time there. It’ll be the best decision that you’ve made in quite some time.

  7. Real men like to talk to sexy girls. There’s no denying that. Where does a man go to talk to a sexy girl? There’s just one place on the the internet to do that. The hottest girls can be found at http://www.camgirl.pw Have yourself a total blast and meet a few sexy girls. You’ll have a whole lot of fun doing so.

  8. astrutt DOB 6/3/1975 sprint phone 312-917-5986 google voice 702-514-0650 works at leidos has raped 2 girls at HOPE hacker conventions. andy strutt wife Sichan Li is in the United States illegally. andrew david strutt has an undiagnosed psychiatric disorder from a head injury. r0d3nt has taken money from Lebanse Intelligence Officer and recently arrested hacker and owner of Krypton Security Khalil Sehnaoui. andrew strutt accepted a hotel suite in Las Vegas in 2015, 2016, and 2017 in excess of $2,000 a night from Khalil Sehnaoui. astrutt wife is a former reporter and Chinese Communist Party reporter. andrew david strutt wife has access to his secret material.

  9. I kind of agree with everything said here. There’s just one problem. It doesn’t talk about what’s the best site to join to get laid. That’s the most important part of it all. If you’re wanting to get laid, then this is the site for you https://t.irtyf.com/hkz06n8e68?offer_id=3785&aff_id=29696&nopop=1 You’re going to get some pussy there. Don’t beat off tonight. Get yourself some action. You can beat off tomorrow. Today is your day to get some pussy.

  10. You should set aside time each day to talk to a hot girl. There are plenty of them over at http://www.camgirl.pw You’re really going to have yourself a good time there. It’s wall to wall babes and that’s just the beginning. Check it out and get ready to smile.

  11. Thank you for publishing this awesome article. I’m a long time reader but I’ve never been compelled to leave a comment. I subscribed to your blog and shared this on my Twitter. Thanks again for a great post!

  12. You deserve a break. You’ve been working hard this week. All that hard work has stressed you out. The best way to get rid of the stress is by having a little fun with a cam girl. There’s a whole lot of them over at http://www.camgirl.pw The babes are never ending when you visit that site. You’re in for a real treat the very second your eyes catch a glimpse of this.

  13. Thank you for posting this awesome article. I’m a long time reader but I’ve never been compelled to leave a comment. I subscribed to your blog and shared this on my Facebook. Thanks again for a great article!

  14. Somebody effectively help make drastically articles I would state. Here is the very first time that We went to your online webpage and therefore significantly? I actually shocked while using the investigation you have made to make this kind of submit amazing. Good activity! Somebody effectively help make drastically articles I would state. Here is the very first time that We went to your online webpage and therefore significantly? I actually shocked while using the investigation you have made to make this kind of submit amazing. Good activity!

  15. Thanks for publishing this awesome article. I’m a long time reader but I’ve never been compelled to leave a comment. I subscribed to your blog and shared this on my Facebook. Thanks again for a great post!

  16. I’ve been exploring for a little for any high-quality articles or weblog posts on this sort of
    area . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this website.
    Studying this information So i’m happy to show that I’ve
    an incredibly just right uncanny feeling I came upon exactly what I needed.

    I so much undoubtedly will make certain to do not disregard this web site and
    provides it a look on a relentless basis.

  17. “I carry on listening to the news speak about getting free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the finest site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i get some?”

  18. ORION是一部擁有三重長脈衝 755nm/1064nm/532nm的激光儀,提供專業和最新的技術,強調其穩定性和便利性的能力。另外,最佳的參數是基於各種臨床結果提供的。三長脈衝激光系統 -Long pulsed Nd:YAG (1064nm) -Long pulsed Alexandrite (755nm) -Long Pulsed KTP (532nm) 先進技術 – 氣冷卻系統(ACD) – 智能面板 – 三波長 – 高電源 應用 -Long pulsed Nd:YAG (1064nm)●脫毛●嫩膚●血管病變●腿部靜脈曲張●痤瘡●灰指甲●疣-Long pulsed Alexandrite (755nm)●脫毛●美白肌膚●色素性病變●黑頭●黃褐斑●疤-Long Pulsed KTP (532nm)●血管病變●酒渣鼻●色素性病變●太陽雀斑●美白肌膚●鮮紅斑痣●血管瘤

  19. 由全球生長因子與胜肽韓國廠商CAREGEN研發,利用美國專利「KP7-4胜肽技術」,獨特滲透配方提供高穩定、高滲透、高效能的胜髮環境,模擬人體生髮機制,目的使頭皮、毛囊恢復健康及作用活性,重啟生髮系統。DR CYJ髮胜肽療程的治療原理為 利用複合活性成分配方恢復毛髮平衡, 根據生態生物工程原理研發, 關鍵胜肽名為KP7-4,結合了七種專利胜肽, 實驗證明能有效模擬「人體胜髮因子」,掌握育髮四關鍵:毛囊強健、減緩異常落髮、強化髮根、供給毛囊血管營養,模擬毛髮循環機制,同時減緩異常落髮及強化髮根。DR.CYJ髮胜肽不含藥性且無副作用,能有效促進增髮

  20. 100有機潤唇膏 雙頭磨沙滋潤豐唇膏 滋潤豐唇蜜 亮彩保濕口紅 亮彩保濕唇蜜 持久亮麗雙頭唇彩 唇線筆 唇膏筆 抗炎作用原理:內環境平衡,增強陰道內免疫力 CO2可本質的改變組織特性,使粘膜組織新生 陰道上皮細胞功能增強,大量糖原在陰道桿菌作用下分解成乳酸,逐步恢復陰道正常的PH值 免疫力增強,降低私密處感染

  21. Hey! Quick question that’s completely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My site looks weird when browsing from my iphone4. I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to resolve this problem. If you have any suggestions, please share. Appreciate it!

  22. FineScan 會在肌膚上製造數以千計的細小深入傷口,即所謂的顯微加熱區(microthermal zone),但要確保每次治療時皆有部份組織不受能量影響,於是,每一個顯微加熱區的作用雖然強烈而明顯,但周圍都包覆著正常且結構完整的皮膚組織,使傷口能在短時間內癒合,並替換之前有缺陷的受損組織。Finescan不僅可讓表皮新生,更可促進深層膠原再生,從內而外徹底喚醒細胞,瞬時找回年輕時的肌膚狀態。憑藉最新的雙軸技術,FINESCAN 6可治療 – 面部 – 頸部 – 暗瘡凹凸洞 – 增生性疤痕

  23. NEAUVIA,歐洲血統透明質酸,目前遍布於全世界56個國家,行政總部在瑞士,卻是源自於意大利的品牌。採用21世紀先進的技術,提取出前所未有的高純度透明質酸,迅速的在全球攻占市場,卓越的品質,領先的技術和平民的價位,已經逐漸的出現在大眾的視線裡,被越來越的人使用。NEAUVIA以系列分女性專用和男性專用,大中小分子以及唇部專用和私處專用,其中私處專用己經在國內一些比較大的整形機構普遍使用。素材提取無與倫比的純淨,運用嶄新PEG鏈結技術-更安全

  24. I’ve been having issues with my Windows hosting. It has set me back quite a bit while making the next list. This is the current list that I have. I should add another list in less than a week. I’ll let you all know when the next list is ready. Thank you for your patience.

  25. Hi, thanks for such informative article. You cover all the aspects of the backlinks and present it in a very organized manner. The article is really informative and helpful

  26. Cool article! Interesting tips over here. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.| I couldn’t resist commenting. I ‘ve spent some hours looking for such tips. I will also share it with a couple of friends interested in it. I have just bookmarked this web. Right now with the task done, I going to enjoy some live gay Webcams. Thanks!! Greetings from Los Angeles!

  27. Thanks for sharing this wonderful post, blog comments really help us grow because we are building relationship with others and also it help us build SEO and also comments makes our blog alive and google also index comments. I would appreciate if you include my blog to your list of blog commenting sites,

  28. Paykasa, 16 haneli pin kodundan oluşan, daha önce çok yaygın olarak kullanılan bir ön ödemeli kart türüne benzeyen, içerisinde euro bakiyesi olan bir ön ödemeli sanal karttır. İçerisindeki bakiyeler özel olarak üretilemediği için standart kart bakiyeleri 10, 20, 50, 100, 150, 250 tek kart bakiyesi olarak satılmaktadırlar. Tek kullanımlık bir kart olan paykasa kart, kullanılan sitede kartın bakiyesini girmenize gerek kalmadan sadece 16 haneli tek kullanımlık koduyla işlem yapmanıza olanak sağlamaktadır.

  29. There’s nothing hotter in this entire world than seeing two girls make sweet love. Seeing a girl face deep in pussy is a dream come true. Dreams have a way of turning into reality at https://t.frtyt.com/ekuezzm5kw?aff_id=29696&offer_id=5407&nopop=1 This site is dedicated to stepsisters who love to lick and finger each other. You always knew stepsisters did this sort of thing with each other. You just never seen it with your own eyes until now!

  30. Are you looking to get laid today? As in right this fucking minute? If so, then you need to check out https://t.hrtye.com/ze97vsfi2o?aff_id=29696&offer_id=5614&nopop=1 This is the one site where you can get some action the same day you join. Don’t even fool around with Facebook and those other so called dating sites. You’re never going to get laid at any of those places. There’s all kinds of pussy just waiting for you to pound it silly here. Don’t forget to buy a box of condoms while you’re out today. You’re going to need them!

  31. Cool info! Interesting article over this website. It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.| I couldn’t refrain from commenting. I ‘ve spent some time looking for such infos. I’ll also share it with some friends interested in it. I have just bookmarked this web. Done with the job done, I’ll find some model homo cams. Gracias!!!Greetings from Miami!

  32. My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from
    PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on several websites for about a year and
    am nervous about switching to another platform. I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts into
    it? Any help would be really appreciated!

  33. Are you sick and tired of being lonely? Why should you not have someone special in your life? Everyone deserves to find love. You can find that and a whole lot more at https://t.irtyc.com/avekqggwlc?aff_id=29696&offer_id=3785&bo=2753,2754,2755,2756 This is one of those sites where it’s super easy to hook up. You’ll meet all kinds of girls. Don’t sit on the couch and hang out online all night. Hook up with a chick and have yourself a little fun. Every guy deserves to have a gal in his life. What are you waiting on?! Connect with a cutie today and put a smile all over your face.

  34. An intriguing discussion is worth comment. I think that you should write more about this issue,
    it may not be a taboo matter but typically people don’t speak about such topics.
    To the next! Best wishes!!

  35. Good info! Interesting info over here. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be a lot more useful than ever before. I could not resist commenting. I ‘ve spent 1 hour trying to find such article. I’ll also share it with some friends interested in it. I have just bookmarked this website. Done with the work done, I will visit some live gay Webcams. Thank you!! Greetings from San Diego!

  36. Are you the type of guy who likes to look at fat girls naked? If so, then https://t.frtyh.com/755v8haio0?aff_id=29696&offer_id=5331&bo=2753,2754,2755,2756 is the site you’ve been searching for. It’s full of nothing but sexy fat women. These big beautiful women are exactly what your eyeballs have been begging to see. Don’t be surprised if you pop a boner while looking at these hefty honeys. They’re full of curves and are exactly what your penis likes.

  37. seo uzmanı olarak şirketimiz php seo hizmeti vermektedir günümüz ortamında site sahiplerinin php bilgisi nekadar iyi olsada php seo metotları arama motorlarında optimize edilmesi gereken hususlardan bir tanesi web siteniz nekadar iyi olsada arama motorlarına duyarlı olmasına özen gösterin. php seo uzmanlarımızdan destek alabilirsiniz sitenizi aramotorlarına duyarlı hale geçirelim.

  38. Great beat ! I would like to apprentice while youu anend your
    site, how could i subscribe for a blog wweb site? The account helped me a acceptable deal.
    I had been a little bit cquainted of this your broadcast providesd bright clear idea

  39. I enjoy you because of all your effort on this website. My daughter enjoys managing investigation and it’s really obvious why. My partner and i learn all relating to the compelling manner you produce rewarding tricks on this website and in addition invigorate contribution from others on the idea so our favorite child is without question studying so much. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You are always doing a really good job.

  40. I’m curious to find out what blog system you have been using?
    I’m experiencing some small security issues with my latest website
    and I’d like to find something more secure. Do you have any recommendations?

  41. Thanks for a marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed reading
    it, you can be a great author.I will make sure to
    bookmark your blog and will eventually come back down the road.
    I want to encourage you to ultimately continue your great posts,
    have a nice weekend!

  42. When someone writes an pos he/she maintains the idea of a user in his/her brain that how a user ccan know it.
    Thereforee that’s why this paragraph is outstdanding.
    Thanks!

  43. Hi there! Quick question that’s entirely off topic.
    Do you know how to make your sitee mobil friendly? My site looks
    weird when viewing ftom my iphone4. I’m
    tryung to find a theme or plugin that might be able to correct this issue.
    If you have any suggestions, please share. Thank you!

  44. I seriously love your site.. Great colors & theme.
    Did you develop this amazing site yourself?

    Please reply back as I’m trying to create my own site and want to know where you got this from or just what the theme is called.
    Thank you!

  45. I don’t know if it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else encountering problems with
    your site. It appears like some of the text within your content
    are running off the screen. Can somebody else please comment and let me
    know if this is happening to them too? This could be a problem with my internet browser because I’ve had this
    happen before. Thank you

  46. Good Info Buddy. It Helps a lot. Love to see you posts. Our Indian Escorts in Hyderabad are very discrete, honest and professional with client. Our Escort girls offer in call and outcall services in every major area in Hyderabad. Our most trusted Indian Escorts having great intelligence, humour and charm to seduce the clients. They’ll make surely your remain in Hyderabad will become ne’er -to-be-forgot. In become the escort agency Hyderabad-Love insures that everybody is covered discreet, professional and anonymous. Contact Miss Anjali @ http://www.missanjali.com

  47. I like it! Amazing informations over this web. It is pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more helpful than ever before. I could not resist commenting. I have spent 1 hour looking for such tips. I will also share it with a couple of friends interested in it. I’ve just bookmarked this web. Now with the job done, I’ll watch some free online babe cams. Thank you!! Greetings from Santa Maria!

  48. 【商閎企業】身體密碼BodyCode-5GF美容液&5GF乳霜~世界品質評鑑大賞 日本原裝進口 夏天也適合使用 – 美妝保養殿堂 – FashionGuide 華人時尚專業評鑑 由日本商閎株式會社在台灣代理的,身體密碼BodyCode,5GF系列,

Komentiraj

Please enter your comment!

*